How can I reduce my risk of getting HIV?
HIV destroys CD4 T cells — white blood cells that play a large role in helping your body fight disease. The fewer CD4 T cells you have, the weaker your immune system becomes.
Also, you can have an HIV infection for years before it turns into AIDS.
Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic disease, caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). By damaging your immune system, HIV interferes with your body’s ability to fight the organisms that cause disease.
HIV is spread only in certain body fluids from a person who has HIV. These fluids are blood, semen, pre-seminal fluids, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk.
Today, more tools than ever are available to prevent HIV. You can use strategies such as abstinence (not having sex), limiting your number of sexual partners, never sharing needles, and using condoms the right way every time you have sex. You may also be able to take advantage of newer HIV prevention medicines such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP).
Anyone can get HIV, but you can take steps to protect yourself from HIV infection.
To reduce your risk of HIV infection:
– Get tested and know your partner’s HIV status. You can use this testing locator from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to find an HIV testing location near you.
– Have less risky sex. HIV is mainly spread by having anal or vaginal sex without a condom or without taking medicines to prevent or treat HIV.
– Use condoms. How to use condoms correctly?
– Limit your number of sexual partners.
– Get tested and treated for STDs. Insist that your partners get tested and treated too. Having an STD can increase your risk of becoming infected with HIV or spreading it to others.
The advantage of treating STDs is that mucous membranes subjected to different STDs make them much more permeable to contamination by the HIV virus. This was noticed because when women began to be treated in Africa for all STDs (chlamydiae, candidates, syphilis, gonococcal mycoplasma, trichomonas, papilloma …) the rate of transmission of HIV virus was reduced very significantly.
What made several researchers say that to help significantly to fight against contamination HIV treatment was first of all to treat all populations at risk against its STDs.
Moreover, in terms of costs, conventional treatments for STDs are much more affordable than treatments for the HIV virus.
– Avoid drugs injection or never share your equipment with others and use sterile equipment .